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 1 Kemilainen A. Nationalism. Problems Concerning the Word, the Concept and Classification. Jyvaskila, 1964. P. 49.

 2 Hyslop B. F. French Nationalism in 1789 According to the General Cachiers. New York, 1934. P. 22.

 3 Kamenka E. (ed) Nationalism: The Nature and Evolution of an Idea. New York, 1976. P.8.

 4 . . , 1994. . 80; Smith A. National Identity. London, 1991. P. 72.

 5 Smith A. Theories of Nationalism. New York; Evanston; San Francisko; London, 1971. P.165.

 6 Nationalism. A Report by a Study Group of Members of the Royal Institute of International Affairs. London; New York; Toronto, 1939. P. 6.

 7 Kohn H. The Idea of Nationalism. Study of its Origins and Background. New York, 1946. P. 18.

 8 Ibid. P. 16

 9 Ibid. P. 6.

 10 Kedourie E. Nationalism. London. 1960. P. 1.

 11 Gellner E. Nations and Nationalism, Oxford, 1983. P. 1.

 12 Ibid.

 13 Snyder L. Encyclopedia of Nationalism. New York, 1990. P. 370. /252/

 14 Smith E. National Identity. P. 73.

 15 . . ˳. , 1998. . 303304.

 16 Snyder L. Encyclopedia of Nationalism. P. 371.

 17 Shafer B. Faces of Nationalism. New Realities and Old Myths. New York, 1972. P. 1720.

 18 Ibid. P. 20.

 19 Snyder L. Encyclopedia of Nationalism. P. 365.

 20 Snyder L. Varietes of Nationalism. A Comparative Study. Hisdale, Illinois, 1976. P. 4243.

 21 Connor W. Ethnonationalism. The Quest for Understanding. Princeton, New-Jersey, 1994. P. 196.

 22 Gellner E. Nations and Nationalism. P. 138.

 23 Kedourie E. Op. cit. P. 72.

 24 .: G. de Puymegé Chauvin, le soldat-labourer: contribution a létude des nationalismes. Paris, 1993.

 25 Smith A. National Identity. P. 91.

Nairn T. The Break-Up of Britain: Crisis and Neo-Nationalism. London, 1977. P. 333. .

 27 Gellner E. Nations and Nationalism. P. 129

 28 Shafer B. Op. cit. P. 315 316.

 29 . . : ( ) // ( ). 1996. 6. . 1112.

 30 .: . . . . 146.

 31 Smith A. Theories of Nationalism. P. 21.

 32 Gellner E. Nations and Nationalism. P. 124.

 33 Johnson H. Economic Nationalism in New States // Smith A. and Hutchinson J. (eds.) Nationalism. P. 239.

 34 Ibid. P. 240.

 35 Smith A. and Hutchinson J. Introduction // Nationalism. P. 3.

 36 Hobsbawm E. Nations and Nationalism since 1780. Programme, Myth, Reality (2nd ed.) Cambridge; New York; Melbourne. 1995. P. 41.

 37 OLeary B. On the Nature of Nationalism. An Appraisal of Ernest Gellners writings on Nationalism // The Social Philosophy of Ernest Gellner. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities. Vol. 48. Amsterdam; Atlanta, GA, 1996. P. 7778.

 38 . . . . 45.

 39 Smith A. Nationalism in the Twentieth Century. Oxford, 1979. P. 116 117, 126.

 40 Gellner E. Nations and Nationalism. P. 7.

 41 Ibid. P. 5.

 42 Ibid. P. 21.

 43 Ibid. P. 30.

 44 Ibid. P. 5.

 45 Ibid. P. 3132.

 46 Ibid. P. 28.

 47 Ibid. P. 57. /253/

 48 Ibid. P. 140.

 49 OLeary B. Op. cit. P. 81.

 50 Gellner E. Thought and Change. Chicago; London, 1964; Smith A. Theories of Nationalism. P. 112 113, 118.

 51 Gellner E. Nations and Nationalism. P. 2, 6, 7, 40, 46.

 52 ., : Hall A. J., Jarvie J. (eds.). The Social Philosophy of Ernest Gellner. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities. Vol. 48. Amsterdam; Atlanta, GA, 1996; John A. Hall (ed.) The State of Nation. Ernest Gellner and the Theory of Nationalism Cambridge 1998.

 53 OLeary . Op. cit. P. 85.

 54 Stargardt N. Gellners Nationalism: the Spirit of Modernisation?// The Social Philosophy of Ernest Gellner. P. 175.

 55 OLeary . Op. cit. P. 86.

 56 Ibid.

 57 .: P. .

 58 Minogue . Ernest Gellner and the Dangers of Theorising Nationalism // The Social Philosophy of Ernest Gellner. P. 120, footnote 2.

 59 . : Smith A. Theories of Nationalism. P. 9.

 60 Kedourie E. Op. cit. P. 140.

 61 Ibid. P. 80.

 62 Ibid. P. 79.

 63 Ibid. P. 78.

 64 Ibid. P. 81.

 65 Smith A. Theories of Nationalism. P. 12.

 66 Ibid. P. 12.

 67 Ibid. P. 1214, 16.

 68 Shafer B. Op. cit. P. 187.

 69 Forbes H. D. Nationalism, Ethnocentrism and Personality. Social Science and Critical Theory. Chicago; London, 1985. P. 53 54.

 70 Kohn H. The Idea of Nationalism. P. 20.

 71 Smith A. Nationalism in the Twentieth Century. P. 56 57.

 72 Ibid. P. 78.

 73 Smith A. Theories of Nationalism. P. 261.

 74 Breuilly J. Nationalism and the State. Manchester, 1982. P. 4.

 75 Shafer B. Op. cit. P. 323.

 76 Kedourie E. Op. cit. P. 71.

 77 Kohn H. The Age of Nationalism. New York, 1962. P. 17.

 78 Shafer B. Op. cit. P. 152 153.

 79 Ibid. P. 324.

 80 Eriksen T. Ethnicity, Race, Class and Nation // Hutchinson J. and Smith A. (eds.). Ethnicity. P. 29.

 81 Kohn H. The Idea of Nationalism. P. 330.

 82 Ibid.

 83 Smith A. Theories of Nationalism. P. 197.

 84 Ibid. P. 197.

 85 Greenfeld L. Nationalism. Five Roads to Modernity. Cambridge, MA-London, England, 1993. P. 10 11. /254/

 86 Ibid. P. 9 10.

 87 Ibid. P. 10.

 88 Ibid.

 89 Ibid. P. 11 12.

 90 Ibid. P. 6.

 91 Smith A. Theories of Nationalism. P. 194.

 92 Snyder L. Encyclopedia of Nationalism. P. 370.

 93 Ibid. P. 382.

 94 Smith A. Theories of Nationalism. P. 205.

 95 Ibid. P. 206.

 96 Ibid. P. 207.

 97 Ibid. P. 208.

 98 Ibid.

 99 Ibid. P. 153 158, 160.

 100 Ibid. P. 159.

 101 .: . . .

 102 Smith A. National Identity. P. 82.

 103 Ibid. P. 82 83; Smith A. Theories of Nationalism. P. 229.

 104 . . . . 90 91.

 105 Johnston R.J., Knihgt D., Koftnan E. (eds.) Nationalism, Self-Detemiination and Political Geography. London, 1988. P. 3.

 106 Ibid. P. 4.

 107 Greenfeld L. Op. cit. P. 15 17.

 108 Ibid. P. 23 24.

 109 Gastony . . The Ordeal of Nationalism in Modern Europe. 1789 1945. Lewiston (Queenston ) Lampeter, 1992. P. 203.

 110 Ibid. P. 9 10.

 111 Carr . . Nationalism and After. London, 1945. P. 2.

 112 Ibid. P. 6.

 113 Ibid. P. 17 18.

 114 Gellner E. Nationalism and the International Order// Encounters with Nationalism. Oxford, England; Cambridge, U.S.A., 1994. P. 25.

 115 Ibid. P. 25 26.

 116 Ibid. P. 28.

 117 Ibid. P. 30 31.

 118 Hroch M. Social Precondition of National Revival in Europe. A Comparative Analysis of the Social Composition of Patriotic Groups among the Smaller European Nations. Cambridge; London; New York; New Rochelle; Melbourne; Sydney, 1985. P. 8.

 119 Ibid.

 120 Ibid. P. 23 24.

 121 Ibid. P. 26.

 122 Alter P. Nationalism (2nd ed.). London, 1994. P. 56 57.

 123 . . . . 163.

 124 Smith A. National Identity. P. 96.

 125 . : P. . . 167.

 126 Kemilainen. Op. cit. P. 61. /255/

 127 Ibid. P. 72 73.

 128 . . . . 170 171.

 129 . : . . 151.

 130 . : Shafer . Op. cit. P. 88 89.

 131 . . . . 151.

 132 . . 153.

 133 Carlton J. Hayes The Historical Evolution of the Modern Nationalism New York, 1948. P. 102 107.

 134 Smith A. Theories of Nationalism. P. 17.

 135 Shafer B. Op. cit. P. 92 93.

 136 . . . . 149 150.

 137 Kohn H. The Age of Nationalism. P. 4 5.

 138 Shafer B. Op. cit. P. 128.

 139 P. . . . 155 156, 176.

 140 Calvert P. On Attaining Sovereignty // Smith A D. (ed.) Nationalist Movements. London, 1976. P. 135.

 141 Smith A. National Identity. P. 93.

 142 Alter P. Op. cit. P. 56.

 143 Shafer B. Op. cit. P. 186.

 144 Ibid. P. 189.

 145 . . . . 278.

 146 . . 42.

 147 Kohn H. The Age of Nationalism. P. 9.

 148 Shafer . Op. cit. P. 139.

 149 Alter P. Op. cit. P. 54.

 150 Ibid. P. 85.









       




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